Gum disease is characterized by infection, soreness or swelling of the gum tissues that support the teeth. Basically, there are two types: gingivitis and periodontal disease.
One of the signs of gum disease is bleeding. You can notice this while brushing, rinsing your mouth and even when eating. Bad breath is also an indication of gum problems.
Inflamed gums are the signs of gingivitis, giving the gums a swollen and reddish appearance. These gum tissues are prone to bleeding especially during brushing or flossing. Unlike other diseases, gum disease can progress without your knowledge because it is not usually painful. When the bacteria become more active, this can lead to soreness and gum abscess. After years of being untreated, gum diseases can result in bone damage. This means that not only the gum tissues are affected but also the bone that supports and anchors the teeth, resulting in loose teeth. Many people suffer from some type of gum disease at least once in their lifetime. In fact, it is one of the major reasons for adult tooth loss. But since the disease takes time to develop, its progression can be slowed down and eventually be completely cured – allowing you to keep your teeth.
Plaque is the number one cause of gum disease. Forming on the teeth and gum surface, plaque is actually made up of many species of bacteria – some are harmless, while others can cause gum diseases. Removing plaque from teeth by flossing and brushing is the best way to prevent gum disease. Our hygienist can provide professional full mouth scale and polish and treatments in cases of gingivitis periodontal disease. Oral hygiene advice and demonstration are crucial parts of the treatment for preventative and maintenance reasons.